How far is Kassel from Cologne?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 104.685 miles
- 168.474 kilometers
- 90.969 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 104.392 miles
- 168.003 kilometers
- 90.714 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).