How far is Makhachkala from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 4654.967 miles
- 7491.443 kilometers
- 4045.056 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 4641.726 miles
- 7470.134 kilometers
- 4033.550 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).