How far is Moscow from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 4203.364 miles
- 6764.659 kilometers
- 3652.624 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 4189.475 miles
- 6742.306 kilometers
- 3640.554 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).