How far is Moscow from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 4228.204 miles
- 6804.634 kilometers
- 3674.208 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 4214.273 miles
- 6782.215 kilometers
- 3662.103 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).