How far is Toronto from Vancouver?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 2084.569 miles
- 3354.789 kilometers
- 1811.441 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 2078.808 miles
- 3345.517 kilometers
- 1806.435 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).