How far is Palmerston North from Invercargill?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 558.235 miles
- 898.392 kilometers
- 485.093 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 557.857 miles
- 897.783 kilometers
- 484.764 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).