Map of flight path and driving directions from Parma to Southend.
Shortest flight path between Parma Airport (PMF) and London Southend Airport (SEN).
How far is Southend from Parma?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Parma and Southend. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 642.377 miles
- 1033.806 kilometers
- 558.210 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 641.477 miles
- 1032.357 kilometers
- 557.428 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).
Time difference and current local times
The time difference between Parma and Southend is 1 hour. Southend is 1 hour behind Parma.
Carbon dioxide emissions
Estimated CO2 emissions per passenger is 118 kg (260 pounds).
Frequent Flyer Miles Calculator
Parma (PMF) → Southend (SEN).