How far is St. John's from Toronto?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 1323.021 miles
- 2129.197 kilometers
- 1149.674 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 1319.465 miles
- 2123.474 kilometers
- 1146.584 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).