How far is Moscow from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:Vincenty's formula (applied above)
- 4227.018 miles
- 6802.726 kilometers
- 3673.178 nautical miles
Vincenty's formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.Haversine formula
- 4213.099 miles
- 6780.325 kilometers
- 3661.083 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).